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WSA has extensive cultural resources contracting experience throughout the western, northern and southern U.S - successfully completing more than 900 projects over 25 years. WSA has conducted National Historic Preservation Act (and in California, CEQA) cultural resource studies on all types of large and small projects, including transportation, oil/gas pipelines, electrical generation and transmission lines, railroads, water/sewer conveyance and flood control, forest, maritime, and land development projects, many of which have been interstate efforts. We have transmitted scores of projects through the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) in numerous states, and are currently working with SHPO and ACHP staff on various projects. WSA has conducted archaeological and historic preservation work throughout California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana, and are permitted in those and a dozen additional states. The project examples below illustrate our wide range of experience both regionally throughout the U.S., and on all types of large and small projects for cities, counties, state and federal agencies, tribal governments, and private/corporate clients. Our recent clients include some of the following:


Local, State, Federal, and Tribal Agencies: Corporate Clients:
USDI Bureau of Land Management Kinder Morgan Energy Partners
Naval Air Station Fallon NV & Miramar CA Holly Energy Partners
US Army Corps of Engineers CH2M Hill
Housing and Urban Development URS Corporation
General Services Administration Horrocks Engineers
USDA Forest Service TRC Solutions
Arizona DOT Parsons Brinkerhoff
California Energy Commission Pacific Gas & Electric
California Public Utilities Commission Bechtel Group
US Coast Guard Atlanta Gas & Light
Marine Corps Camp Pendleton Aspen Environmental
US Fish & Wildlife Service Jacobs Engineering
Federal Transit Authority CirclePoint
US Int'l Boundaries and Waters Commission Sunrise Engineering
Calif Division of Forestry RMC Water & Environment
CalTrans Cardno Entrix
Concord Naval Weapons Depot Bronco Creek Exploration, Inc.
Utah Division of Wildlife Resources Calpine
City of Tucson, Arizona Gensler
Marine Corps Mountain Warfare Training Center PBS & J (Atkins)
US Navy Port Hueneme LSA Associates
Utah DOT Environmental Science Associates
National Park Service SCI Engineering
Fort McDowell Indian Community Brown & Gay Engineers, Inc.
Utah State Parks Power Engineers
Pima County, Arizona JBR Environmental Consultants


Golden Triangle Storage Project at Spindletop Oil Field, Beaumont, Texas

AGL Resources

WSA is conducting ongoing archaeological investigations of the portion of the Golden Triangle Storage Project that is located within the boundary of the Lucas Gusher/Spindletop Oil Field, a National Register of Historic Places listed property and a National Historic Landmark located near Beaumont, Jefferson County, Texas. The need for cultural resources investigations for the Project is the result of GTS seeking authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to construct and operate the project. Because the project is located within the NHL, the purpose of the initial cultural resources investigations was to identify specific historically significant cultural resources via archival research and an archaeological survey. As a result WSA identified 11 archaeologically sensitive zones. Data Recovery of the Derrick Yard (Zone 1) took place in June to July of 2008. Numerous features including derrick platforms, storage tanks, remnants of a boiler house, and well heads relating to the First and Second Oil Boom Periods (1901-1908 and 1925-1936) of the Spindletop Oil Field have been identified. Consultation with AGL and the Texas SHPO is ongoing in order to mitigate plans for the other zones.



Chickasaw National Recreation Area, Sulphur, Oklahoma

Bureau of Reclamation and National Park Service

WSA conducted an intensive archaeological survey with approximately 200 shovel tests of a portion of the Chickasaw National Recreation Area (NRA), within the Platt Historic District, adjacent to Veterans Lake Dam, south of Sulphur, Oklahoma. The survey was conducted on behalf of the Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) and the National Park Service (NPS) under Section 106 in advance of dam rehabilitation. The Chickasaw NRA is the historic settlement area of the displaced Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians who were relegated to Oklahoma in the early 1800’s. The U.S. Government purchased 640 acres from the Chickasaw and Choctaw creating the Sulphur Springs Reservation in 1902 which through time became the NRA. The Platt Historic District is located within the northern end of the Chickasaw NRA. The district relates primarily to historic landscape resources from 1933 to 1940. During this period, NPS professionals planned and designed an infrastructure that included spring pavilions, campgrounds, picnic areas, dams and waterfalls and was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). WSA crews camped within the extremely well crafted campgrounds and beautiful park while conducting the survey.



Rio Grande Canalization Project, New Mexico and Texas

United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) and CH2M Hill

WSA conducted archaeological investigations for the proposed levee construction along the Rio Grande on behalf of CH2M Hill and the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC). The USIBWC intends to rehabilitate the Rio Grande Canalization Project (RGCP) flood control system. The RGCP consisted of a narrow river corridor that extended 105.4 miles along the Rio Grande. WSA conducted archival research in both Texas and New Mexico to obtain a current list of cultural (archaeological, historical, and prehistoric) resources within the project area. Archaeological investigations included backhoe trenching and shovel testing in areas of proposed levee improvements. Thirteen previously identified archaeological sites were revisited. Two newly identified prehistoric sites in New Mexico were recommended as eligible to the NRHP. Both sites may represent well preserved Eastern Jornada Mogollon occupation sites.



UNEV Pipeline Project, Nevada & Utah

Holly Corporation

As part of the UNEV Pipeline Project for Holly Energy, WSA surveyed over 500 miles of proposed pipeline corridor and ancillary facilities between Salt Lake City, Utah and Las Vegas, Nevada. Over 300 historic and prehistoric sites were identified and recorded during the survey process. The subsequent 6-volume, 5000-page Class III BLM survey report included a geomorphological analysis of the project areas, ethnographical summary of Great Basin cultures, descriptions and assessment of each site within the project area, lithic and groundstone analysis including extensive obsidian hydration and sourcing analysis, and over 500 illustrations and maps. WSA prepared two treatment plans (for Nevada and Utah) that outline a program to guide the mitigation phase for cultural resources on the UNEV project. Strategies proposed for mitigating the adverse effects of the pipeline construction project to NRHP-eligible sites include: phased data recovery, mitigative documentation, avoidance, construction monitoring, and off-site mitigation such as geoarchaeological assessment and additional obsidian hydration and sourcing. The data recovery and monitoring of the work, as well as analysis and reporting, will continue into 2011.



El Paso-to-Phoenix Expansion Project (EPX), Arizona, New Mexico & Texas

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners

WSA conducted record searches, agency and Native American coordination and field surveys, and prepared Class III Survey Reports, Agreement Documents, and an Historic Property Treatment Plan to assist Kinder Morgan Energy Partners with the construction of an expansion pipeline from El Paso to Phoenix (EPX). The project area spanned 2,914 acres and 98 linear miles - within which WSA identified and recommended treatment for 41 cultural properties. WSA then conducted phased data recovery at 5 sites over 6 months, and completed mitigative documentation at 8 additional sites. WSA recorded over 250 prehistoric habitation features and collected, analyzed, and curated thousands of artifacts. All archaeological excavations were completed in advance of pipeline construction, at which time WSA monitored construction activities within culturally sensitive areas. A multi-volume report is in preparation, to be completed in early 2010.

Download a brochure detailing our excavations at the Benson Golf Course,
or download a brochure detailing our excavations along the Cienega Creek.



Transbay Terminal, San Francisco, Ca.

URS Corporation

In 2005, WSA was retained by URS Corporation as a subcontractor for the Transbay Transit Terminal Project (TTT) in downtown San Francisco. This project encompasses the Bay Bridge Retrofit project in conjunction with the construction of a modern terminal building at 425 Mission Street. A total of 22 city blocks will be affected by the construction. WSA was responsible for a number of tasks related to the pre-construction research including evaluating available documentation for the recordation of the existing Transbay Terminal, documenting known historic properties (some of which are on the National or California Register of Historic Places) and preparing an Historic Context and Archaeological Treatment Plan. As the plans for the route of the tracks finalize, WSA will perform necessary archaeological testing and data recovery in the project area. WSA will also compose guidelines for establishing a permanent interpretative exhibit for the new Transbay Terminal and possibly additional museums in the region. This project is on-going through 2010.



East Line Expansion Project (ELX), Cochise, Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa counties, Az.

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners

At the request of Kinder Morgan, WSA undertook archaeological survey and data recovery for the East Line Expansion project. The initial phase of WSA involvement in the project consisted of an 89 mile survey corridor through Cochise, Pima, Pinal, and Maricopa counties in Arizona. The survey recorded 62 cultural sites of which 29 were considered eligible to the National and Arizona Registers of Historic Places. The second phase included data recovery at all eligible sites. Twenty-one of these sites were located on the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) land. All data recovery efforts on sites in GRIC territory was conducted in conjunction with the Gila River Indian Community Cultural Resources Management Program. WSA completed the data recovery efforts and produced a multi-volume report of the findings.



300 Spear Street, San Francisco

Tishman Speyer Properties

WSA conducted archaeological testing and subsequent monitoring and data recovery for the 300 Spear Street Project in downtown San Francisco to mitigate impacts to buried cultural deposits during project excavations for a 6-story underground garage. The work was undertaken on behalf of Tishman Speyer, to comply with the City of San Francisco’s mitigation requirements. Forty historic features, including the remains of the early 1818 whaling ship Candace, and over 1,000 artifacts were recorded during the effort. A detailed technical report on the excavation and recovery of the Candace was prepared for dissemination to the City and the general public. The ship itself was taken out in two sections and donated to the San Francisco Maritime Museum. The work was featured on CNN and was part of a series on The History Channel.



400 Howard Street Project, San Francisco

Glenborough Foundry Square, LLC.

WSA developed an archaeological mitigation program for the 400 Howard Street Project in downtown San Francisco. Located in the nineteenth-century industrial center of San Francisco, the project area was home to the historic San Francisco Gas Company and subsequent Dow Iron and Brass Foundries-both important early industries. The San Francisco Gas Company was the first to provide gas powered street lighting to the city. Preconstruction testing and subsequent construction monitoring allowed archaeologists to record the remains of several brick and mortar buildings of the San Francisco Gas Company, which were constructed between 1853-1854.



Moffett Towers, Sunnyvale, Ca.

Jay Paul Company

WSA conducted preconstruction testing, construction monitoring, and data recovery on behalf of the Jay Paul Company for the Moffett Towers Project in Sunnyvale, California. Construction within the southern end of the project area impacted the remains of a significant prehistoric Ohlone habitation site. The area was also occupied during the historic period as part of the Rancho Polsomi, which was owned by Lope Ińigo, one of the few Ohlone Native Americans to obtain a land grant in California. Thirty-five human burials were recovered during archaeological monitoring and data recovery. Thirty-two prehistoric pit features, approximately 2,500 years old and unique to the San Francisco Bay region, were also recorded. All work was conducted in coordination with Andrew Galvan (an Ohlone Most Likely Descendent) and his staff.



Victorville 2 Hybrid Power Project, San Bernardino County, Ca.

ENSR Corporation

Under contract to ENSR Corporation, WSA conducted archaeological mitigation in compliance with California Energy Commission’s (CEC) guidelines for the Victorville 2 Hybrid Power Project in Victorville, California. WSA carried out record searches, field surveys, and data recovery for the construction of the power plant, associated transmission lines, and natural gas, water, and sanitary wastewater pipelines. Forty-four sites were recorded and mitigated within the project’s Area of Potential Effect (APE).



Jack London Square Redevelopment Project, Oakland, Ca.

Ellis Partners, LLC

On behalf of Ellis Partners, LLC, WSA prepared and carried out an Archaeological Monitoring Program and Data Recovery Plan (AMDRP) for the Jack London Square Redevelopment Project in the City of Oakland, California. The project area is situated on what were originally mud flats along the San Francisco Bay. As human occupation increased, the area was used for various purposes such as docks for ships, homes for Chinese immigrants, and assorted businesses. In the late nineteenth century, the square was often visited by its namesake, Jack London, who studied and made notes for his future novels at Heinold’s First and Last Chance Saloon (located adjacent to the project area). Numerous features reflecting early use of the property were recorded during archeological monitoring, including remnants of a wharf and wood coal bins. Various historic bottles, dishes, buttons and other household items were also recovered during the project.



Academy of Sciences Rebuilding Project, San Francisco, Ca.

T.J. Reagan, Inc.

WSA developed an archaeological mitigation program and carried out monitoring and data recovery on behalf of the project sponsor, T.J. Reagan, Inc. for the Academy of Sciences Rebuilding Project located in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco in compliance with the San Francisco Redevelopment Agency Mitigation Measures. During the course of the project, WSA recorded three features associated with the Midwinter Exposition, which took place at the site in 1894. The features included two refuse deposits with numerous artifacts including Exposition souvenirs, costume decorations, and historic bottles. Additionally, a brick footing associated with one of the earliest examples of a roller coaster on the West Coast was also recorded. WSA prepared a technical report which summarized the Midwinter Exposition and detailed the discoveries from the data recovery effort.



City of Ceres Downtown Development Specific Plan, Stanislaus County, Ca.

Design, Community & Environment, Inc.

On behalf of Design, Community & Environment, Inc., WSA prepared a Cultural Resources Assessment Report for the City of Ceres Downtown Development Specific Plan. As a part of the project, WSA examined a 26-block project area and evaluated over 140 historic structures, 29 of which were determined to be potentially significant. The report included the results of an archaeological literature and records search, preparation of an environmental, ethnographic and historic context, and presented the results of both the archaeological and architectural surveys conducted in the City of Ceres Specific Plan project area in Stanislaus County, California.



Los Vaqueros Reservoir Expansion Project, Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, Ca.

Environmental Science Associates

In compliance with both federal (Section 106) and state (CEQA) regulations, WSA conducted archaeological mitigation under contract to ESA for the Contra Costa Water District’s (CCWD) proposed expansion of the Los Vaqueros Reservoir in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. WSA conducted archival record searches, Native American consultation, and several pedestrian surveys within the project area. Of the 35 cultural resources identified during the course of the project, 24 were either listed on the National Register of Historic Places, or determined to be eligible for listing on the NRHP.



Bay Division Pipeline Reliability Upgrade Project, Alameda and San Mateo Counties, Ca.

ENTRIX/Ward Joint Venture

On behalf of ENTRIX/Ward Joint Venture, WSA prepared a draft Archaeological Research Design and Evaluation Plan for the City and County of San Francisco and San Francisco Public Utilities Commission. The report was for the BDPL pipeline upgrade project (a 21-mile section of the approximately 150-mile Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct), spanning from Irvington Portal in Fremont to Pulgas Portal in Redwood City. As a result of the records search, WSA identified six previously recorded prehistoric sites and three historic resources within the project APE. WSA prepared a testing plan to determine whether the identified sites were eligible for listing on either the California Register of Historical Resources or on the National Register of Historic Places.



Brushy Creek Area South Bay Aqueduct Improvement and Enlargement Project, Alameda County, Ca.

Environmental Science Associates

In conjunction with Environmental Science Associates, the US Army Corps of Engineers and the CA Department of Water Resources, WSA conducted an archaeological survey of proposed facilities for the South Bay Aqueduct System in Alameda County, California. WSA recorded 11 prehistoric and historic cultural resources, three of which were within the immediate project area. Brushy Creek Ranch is a noteworthy historic resource located within the project area. The land on which the structures exist was likely owned by Charles McLaughlin, who eventually became a wealthy individual associated with cattle ranching in the late nineteenth century. A prehistoric rockshelter, which are uncommon in Alameda County, was also located within the project area. WSA prepared an Assessment Report including recommendations for the most suitable alternatives for the completion of the aqueduct improvements and the preservation of the historic and prehistoric resources.



555 Mission Street, San Francisco, Ca.

Tishman Speyer

On behalf of Tishman Speyer, WSA conducted historical research and archaeological testing and monitoring for the construction of a 33-story office building and associated 2-level subterranean parking facility in the South of Market district in downtown San Francisco. In compliance with state regulations and City of San Francisco mitigation measures, WSA prepared a pre-construction Historic Context and Archaeological Treatment Plan for the parcel of land affected by the development. This report detailed steps to excavate a series of trenches to investigate the possible presence of buried cultural deposits, either historic or prehistoric in nature. The archaeological testing revealed a layer of historic refuse and the remains of an architectural feature (possibly a drain or canal). Subsequent construction monitoring did not reveal any additional buried deposits. WSA prepared and submitted technical documents detailing the findings from the archaeological testing and archaeological monitoring.



FARR First Street Townhomes Project, Petaluma, Ca.

St James Properties, LLC

St. James Properties, LLC developed a complex of condominiums near the Riverfront Warehouse District of the Petaluma River in the City of Petaluma, California. WSA was retained to conduct archaeological monitoring in compliance with state of California (CEQA) and City of Petaluma (Central Petaluma Specific Plan EIR) regulations. A total of six historic features were encountered and examined, including a paved cobblestone surface, an artifact scatter, and various foundation remains. In addition to the artifact scatter, numerous household items, likely associated with families that occupied the area, were recovered, as well as debris from local industry. Following construction, WSA prepared a Summary Report which documented the discoveries.



Palmdale Power Plant Project, Los Angeles County, Ca.

ENSR

WSA served as archaeological consultant for the proposed Palmdale Power Plant in Palmdale, Los Angeles County. WSA’s responsibilities to meet CEC Guidelines included a record search of previous archaeological studies in the area, physical assessment of the parcel and subsequent technical report of the findings from the pedestrian survey of the plant and pipeline corridors. Additionally, a survey for historic architecture within one-half mile of the project was also conducted.



Tucson Pipeline Replacement Project, Arizona

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, L.P.

In a 5-month period between September 2003 and January 2004, WSA conducted record searches, agency coordination, field surveys, Treatment Plan and survey report preparation, and Native American consultation to assist Kinder Morgan Energy Partners with emergency replacement of 11 miles of refined petroleum pipeline in downtown Tucson; subsequent work included data recovery and agency coordination. Prior to beginning construction, WSA and Desert Archaeology, Inc (of Tucson) conducted data recovery in two Hohokam occupational sites containing housepits, canals, and other features. In addition, WSA recorded more than 150 Hohokam rock alignments and other prehistoric dryland agricultural features on Tumamoc Hill, a listed National Register site and Tohono O'odham Traditional Cultural Property. Following the monitoring of construction through numerous significant sites, WSA prepared several technical reports describing the results of data recovery and monitoring.



Bay Street Project, Emeryville, Ca.

Madison Marquette

After preparing preconstruction mitigation documents, WSA conducted 14 months of archaeological monitoring and data recovery as part of construction at Bay Street, a commercial and residential development situated on prehistoric basal deposits of the Emeryville Shellmound. Over 160 human burials and thousands of artifacts were recovered from highly toxic soil conditions during the work; stratigraphic profiles and all required excavation documentation were recorded, and thousands of digital photographs document the work. Analysis and reporting on the recovered remains was not funded by the City of Emeryville or the project sponsor, however WSA is in the process of completing a technical report on the basis of data gathered during our field analysis, but without benefit of full laboratory or technical analyses. All work was conducted in coordination with Ohlone Most Likely Descendent Katherine Perez and her staff.


Muni Metro Turnback and Mid-Embarcadero Projects, San Francisco

City of San Francisco

On behalf of the City of San Francisco, WSA carried out archeological monitoring and data recovery for the $250M Muni Metro Turnback Project (MMTP) in waterfront downtown San Francisco. In addition to documenting the ca. 1860's historic features that were exposed during project construction, WSA recovered, analyzed and catalogued over 20,000 historic artifacts from the 19th Century historic fill that lies beneath the modern streets of San Francisco. WSA also conducted archaeological investigation of the remains of the gold rush-era ship Rome, which was entombed below the City streets in 1852 and encountered during project excavations. Following completion of the MMTP, WSA directed archaeological testing, construction monitoring, and data recovery as part of the Mid-Embarcadero Roadway/F-Line Extension Project, a subsequent phase of the San Francisco's Waterfront Transportation Program. Numerous features were examined, documented and recorded. Multi-volume reports have been prepared on both projects. Cal State Hayward's C.E. Smith Museum, which accepted all of the artifacts on the project for curation, has prepared a brief discussion of the MMTP as part of a museum display entitled Sunken Ships and Frozen Charlottes.



San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project

California Department of Transportation

On behalf of the California Department of Transportation, WSA conducted side scan sonar, sub-bottom profile, and ROV surveys, and carried out underwater target investigations for the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project. In preparation for this field work, WSA and Caltrans archaeologists conducted extensive archival research in local repositories and the National Archives and Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. to develop the project's historic context. Over 50 acoustic anomalies were identified lying on or slightly below the bottom sediment. Information gathered through ROV operations, scuba diving investigations of various targets, and the analysis of the remote sensing data provided information sufficient to determine that none of the targets identified in the project area met the criteria of eligibility for the National Register of Historic Places. Technical reports of findings were prepared for submittal to CalTrans.



Canyon Oaks Development, Pleasanton Ca.

KB Home of Northern California

WSA conducted archaeological data recovery, testing, and excavation of 470 Native American burials at a residential development project in Pleasanton, Ca. Scores of features (including numerous hearths and a prehistoric house floor, as well as historic features) were excavated as well. Thousands of burial-related artifacts and grave goods of many types were recovered, as was a variety of occupational detritus and artifacts. A multi-volume final technical report on the work was prepared in 2005. All work was conducted in coordination with Ohlone Most Likely Descendent Ramona Garibay and her staff.



High Desert Power Plant Project, Victorville, Ca.

URS Corp.

WSA conducted record and literature searches, field surveys, site recording/assessment and technical reporting as part of environmental assessment of a 750 mW power plant in the Mojave Desert. Testing was conducted at two archaeological sites as part of NHPA Section 106 consultation with the Bureau of Land Management; an Historic Properties Treatment Plan was prepared to address impacts at two large National register listed sites that were impacted by the project. Construction monitoring and data recovery at two National Register-listed sites was conducted as part of project implementation; technical report preparations followed.



San Francisco Bay Rocks Removal Project

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

On behalf of the Army Corps of Engineers, WSA conducted maritime archaeological research for the proposed removal of Harding, Shag, Blossom, Arch, and Unnamed rocks in central San Francisco Bay near Alcatraz Island. The destruction of Shag Rock during the 19th Century is shown in the photo to the left. As part of the project's NEPA environmental review and Section 106 compliance, WSA completed an extensive literature and records search, conducted side scan sonar surveys, and analyzed magnetometer records obtained during the project's geophysical investigation. WSA identified possible project impacts on historic properties, particularly the remains of shipwrecks known to be located in the vicinity. The entire report can be viewed online at the ACOE San Francisco Bay District website by clicking here.



360Networks Fiber Optic Network, Northern Ca.

California Public Utilities Commission

WSA, on behalf of the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), provided cultural resources review of the Proponent's Environmental Assessment, and prepared EIR cultural resources sections after "third party" review. WSA prepared mitigation measures to address impacts to cultural resources resulting from construction and operation of a fiber optic network. WSA inspected construction areas from Oregon to Sacramento to ensure that the mitigation measures were implemented as required. WSA consulted with local Native American tribal entities as necessary during the work.



Carquinez, Benicia, and San Rafael Bridge Projects

California Department of Transportation

Between 1999 and 2002, WSA conducted side scan sonar, magnetometer, sub-bottom profile surveys, and underwater target assessments for the new Carquinez and Benicia-Martinez bridge projects, and for the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge Seismic Retrofit Project. The remote sensing surveys were conducted as part of NHPA Section 106 studies to determine whether cultural resources - historic shipwrecks in particular - lie submerged within the project areas. As part of the research for the bridge projects, over 40 magnetic and acoustic anomalies were identified, assessed and evaluated for historic significance. Two of these proved to be shipwrecks: one an abandoned steel hull, the other, the remains of a wood schooner that probably sank in 1867. Technical reports on each project were prepared and submitted to CalTrans.



Level (3) Fiber Optic Communications (San Francisco Bay Area, Los Angeles)

Fluor Global, Inc.
Fluor Global Construction

WSA conducted cultural resources studies and construction monitoring as necessary to address CPUC mitigation measures during the "city build" portions of a fiber optic project in the cities of San Jose and San Francisco, as well as the entire Los Angeles basin. WSA prepared workbooks for construction spreads in each city to address potential cultural resources impacts and the necessary mitigation required to preclude significant effects. WSA conducted construction monitoring as needed during a 3-year period. Work was coordinated with local Ohlone (Bay Area) and Gabrielino (Los Angeles) tribal members.



SFPP Camp Pendleton Pipeline, San Diego

Kinder Morgan Energy Partners, L.P.

WSA conducted monitoring and data recovery during construction of a 26 mile petroleum pipeline across USMC Camp Pendleton. Over a 3-year period, WSA performed archival and record searches, field surveys and site recording, and prepared Historic Property Treatment Plans and Agreement Documents to address National Historic Preservation Act Section 106 compliance on behalf of the project client. Most known cultural sites were avoided as a result of the preconstruction studies. Construction monitoring of the entire route was conducted; sites encountered were recorded and subject to data recovery when necessary. A technical report of findings was prepared and submitted to the Camp Pendleton Base Archaeologist and regional clearinghouse. Work was conducted in coordination with Bennae Calac of the Luiseno Tribe.



Hercules Victoria Project, Hercules, Ca.

Catellus Residential Group

WSA implemented a preconstruction data recovery program at site CCO-474/H, consisting of mechanical trenching and manual excavation of 25 cubic meters of prehistoric archaeological deposit. During site grading and monitoring, 105 Native American burials were encountered and removed; all burials and artifacts were analyzed and a 3-volume technical report prepared (available at Coyote Press). All work was conducted in coordination with Ohlone Most Likely Descendent Andrew Galvan and his staff.